Tal

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Tal, better known as the Medieval language or the Old Tongue, was the language spoken by sapients during the medieval era of the Mazes.


Alphabet

The Tal alphabet uses 22 letters; 5 vowels and 17 consonants. Although Tal used a proprietary script, it is easily rendered in Latin characters; all but one letter have a Latin equivalent, and the one exception is rendered using doubled letters (RR/rr).

Vowels

Letters IPA value Approx. pronunciation Notes
A a /a/ hat
E e /e/ play
I i /j/
/i/
you
free
When used before another vowel, or as the first letter of a word
All other uses
O o /o̞/ go
U u /w/
/u/
win
book
When used before another vowel, or as the first letter of a word
All other uses

Consonants

Letters IPA value Approx. pronunciation Notes
B b /b/ ball
D d /d/ dart
F f /f/ fight
G g /g/ gun
H h /h/ honey
K k /k/ key
L l /l/ let
M m /m/ map
N n /n/ nice
P p /p/ pack
R r /x/
/ʁ/
Russian khorosho
French ravie
When used as the first letter of a word. It is rendered in Common as Kh (e.g. Khazrun).
All other uses
RR rr /ʀ/ German Rot
S s /s/ sand
T t /t/ table
V v /v/ valve
X x /tʃ/ chip
Z z /z/ zero


Tal words

Below is a non-exhaustive list of Tal words alongside their Common/English meanings.

Nouns

Tal word Translation Notes
Arris Village
Asirr Death
Azril Light No relation to other words in il (metal).
Auu Wolf, dog Pronounced "awoo". Possibly derived from the howling of a wolf.
Damu Father
Delika Treat In the edible sense, such as a tasty treat.
Delikatesen Delicatessen From the words Delika, Te and Sen, transliterates to "Little shop of tasty treats". See Delicatessen.
Doni Master, Overlord
Desi Ten (10)
Dupli
Peni
Two (2) Synonymous words. Dupli is more commonly used than Peni, due to the latter's resemblance with Penti.
Din Town
Draken
Kalken
Draken Draken: From the adjective drai and the noun ken, transliterates to "cold dragon".
Kalken: From the nouns kal and ken, transliterates to "ice dragon".
Ezri East
Gim Guild (of traders) Specifically implies a confraternity or a brotherhood of tradesmen, with a secretive and/or cartel-like implication.
Gus Red
Gusil Copper From the nouns gus and il, transliterates to red metal.
Hepti Seven (7)
Hexi Six (6)
Il Metal
Kamu Mother
Kapi Chief, boss, leader
Karti Four (4)
Kal Ice
Kalauu Kallwolf From the nouns kal and auu, transliterates to ice wolf.
Ken Dragon
Khazrun Capital city From the adjective khaz and the noun run.
Khezim
Rezim
Regiment, brigade Originally, it referred to a military unit of approximately one thousand men. Colloquially, any military unit.
"Rezim" is used if used as a particle in another word, and the first letter of that word is not R. (e.g. Kapirezim).
Khexi
Rexi
Monarch, king, queen "Rexi" is used if used as a particle in another word, and the first letter of that word is not R.
Khun
Run
City "Run" is used if used as a particle in another word, and the first letter of that word is not R (e.g. Khazrun).
Lanlaken Basilisk From the nouns lanlan and ken, transliterates to chicken dragon.
Lanlan Chicken
Lim Gold, golden (color)
Limil Gold (metal)
Maka Son, descendant
Mia Lynx, cat Possibly derived from the meowing of a lynx.
Narvi North
Narvezri Northeast From the nouns narvi and ezri.
Narvuzri Northwest From the nouns narvi and uzri.
Noni Nine (9)
Octi Eight (8)
Ovez Mine (place for ore extraction)
Oveziris Miner From ovez and -iris, literally someone who mines
Param Value (monetary worth)
Paramil Coin, currency, money From the nouns param and il, approximately transliterates to valuable metal.
Penti Five (5)
Pri One (1)
Sil Silver (color)
Sen Shop
Silil Silver (metal)
Sirvi South
Sirvezri Southeast From the nouns sirvi and ezri.
Sirvuzri Southwest From the nouns sirvi and uzri.
Tal Language, tongue Has given the name of this language.
Tri Three (3)
Uarg Warg Pronunciation is unchanged in Common. Possibly derived from the creature's growling noises.
Ulti End
Uzri West
Zamu Parent (neutral gender)
Zaro Fire
Zer White
Zeril Platinum From the nouns zer and il, transliterates to white metal.

Adjectives

Tal word Translation Notes
Drai Cold
Khaz Capital, most important
Khari Distant, faraway
Prima First From the noun pri and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name.
Desima Tenth From the noun desi and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Decima in Common.
Duplima
Penima
Second Duplima: From the noun dupli and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name.
Penima: From the noun peni and the ordinal suffix -ma. Rare synonym, fell into disuse due to the close resemblance with pentima.
Heptima Seventh From the noun hepti and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name.
Hexima Sixth From the noun hexi and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Hexema in Common.
Hui Hot
Kartima Fourth From the noun karti and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Quartema in Common.
Me Big, large, wide
Nonima Ninth From the noun noni and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Nonama in Common.
Octima Eighth From the noun octi and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Octama in Common.
Pentima Fifth From the noun penti and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Pentema in Common.
Te Small, little, short
Trima Third From the noun tri and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name, and was corrupted to Triema in Common.
Penultima Second last Compound word, from the prefix pen- and the adjective ultima. Became a month name.
Ultima Last From the noun ulti and the ordinal suffix -ma. Became a month name.

Affixes

Tal word Type Translation Notes
Asi- Prefix Dead, of death, related to the dead From the noun asirr
Ezr- Prefix Eastern From the noun ezri.
Narv- Prefix Northern From the noun narvi.
Pen- Prefix Two, twice, double, second From the noun peni.
Silf- Prefix Silver (things), of silver From the noun sil.
Sirv- Prefix Southern From the noun sirvi.
Uzr- Prefix Western From the noun uzri.
-iris Suffix see notes The rough Tal equivalent of the Common suffix -ist, it is added to another word to denote "someone who does/practices/engages in x". E.g.
-ma Suffix see notes Ordinal suffix for numbers and counting.