|Navigation:||Main Page → Items → Ammunition → .45-70 Government|
Cartridge with Lead bullet
|All information listed assumes Standard FMJ (Reg/SP/FMJ)|
|Cost per round||4.00|
|Weight per round (units)||0.05|
|Quantity (retail box/bulk can)||20 / 200|
|Primer type||Large rifle|
|Powder type||Rifle powder|
|Projectile type||.458, 405 grain|
|Cost per case||1.166|
|Standard load (SP)||198 pwdr|
|Cold load (-P)||178 pwdr|
|Hot load (+P)||218 pwdr|
|Super load (+P+)||238 pwdr|
|Real world information|
|Ref. barrel length (inches)||22 (Marlin 1895)|
|Muzzle velocity||457 m/s (1501 ft/s)|
|Muzzle energy||2745 Joule (2025 ft-lbf)|
|Country of origin||United States|
.45-70 Government is a type of ammunition for firearms. Despite ostensibly being a cartridge intended for rifles, it is classified as a (P)istol caliber.
When this cartridge was first invented, it was loaded with blackpowder. With the advent of smokeless powder, the amount of powder required to reach the same velocities as with blackpowder was greatly reduced, leaving a lot of empty space in the case. As such it became possible to load .45-70 in a much greater variety of loads, from low-powered loads replicating blackpowder performance, to powerful, high-velocity modern loads that are unsafe to fire in blackpowder-era firearms, such as the Springfield Trapdoor rifle.
Because only (P)istol calibers have access to +P and +P+ loads, .45-70 in the game was therefore classified as such, in an attempt to represent what is possible in real life with this cartridge.
.45-70 Government is pronounced forty-five seventy Government. The name comes from a combination of the bullet diameter (0.45 inch) and the amount of grains of blackpowder (70 grains) that one loaded cartridge contained. Modern propellants may not be loaded with the same quantity of powder, but the name was retained.
This caliber may also be known as .45-70 Gov't (a shortening of Government), or simply .45-70. There is no formal metric designation for this caliber, but if one existed, it would likely be 11.43x53mm R.
There are 8 base weapons chambered in this caliber.
- Henry Brass Lever Action 45-70
- Koishikawa/Navy Arms 'Siamese' Mauser Type 45
- Marlin Model 1895 Classic
- Marlin Model 1895 GBL
- Marlin Model 1895 LE
- Marlin Model 1895 SBL
- Remington-Keene Navy Repeating
Barrel length groups
The reference barrel length belongs to the group listed in italics.
|Group name||Barrel length range||Damage multiplier|
|Handgun||Up to 12"||0.7x|
|Carbine||12.1" - 19.9"||0.95x|
|Rifle||20" and up||1.0x|
The following brands and projectile types are available in retail:
|Brand name||Composition||Available projectile types|
|Standard||Reg/SP|| FMJ (1.0x)|
|Reduced Velocity||Reg/-P|| FMJ (0.9x)|
|Big game||Reg/+P|| FMJ (1.1x)|
The multipliers listed correspond to the value multipliers to cost of ammunition provided by powder type, pressure level, and projectile type. They are included on this table as a convenience, in order to tell at a glance the cost of a given brand and projectile combination.
|Availability of .45-70 Government as a Customs family chambering:|